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Why are plants important in the ocean?

Why are plants important in the ocean?

Marine plants and algae provide food and shelter to fish and other marine life, but they are not just important to aquatic ecosystems; they provide about 70 – 80 percent of the oxygen on Earth, making them extremely important in our everyday lives as well!

Why do many plants live in the top layer of the ocean?

The top layer of the ocean closest to the surface is called the sunlight zone. This zone gets the most amount of light from the sun. Since this zone gets sunlight, it is the warmest. Plant life also grows in this layer because it can get its energy from the light.

How do animals use plants in the ocean?

Most are tiny algae called phytoplankton—and these microscopic plants have a big job. Through photosynthesis, they produce about half of the oxygen that humans and other land-dwelling creatures breathe. Bigger algae like seaweed and kelp also grow in the ocean and provide food and shelter for marine animals.

How do plants and animals work together in the ocean?

Most marine species are part of a food chain. A food chain is a top-to-bottom set of animals and plants. They are connected to each other because those on top eat those below. These food chains come together to form a food web.

How do ocean plants help us?

Underwater plants provide oxygen, food, and shelter. The health of submerged aquatic vegetation is an important environmental indicator of overall ocean and estuary health. Seagrasses also stabilize sediments, generate organic material needed by small invertebrates, and add oxygen to the surrounding water.

How do plants survive in the ocean without sunlight?

The deep sea is completely dark – How does life thrive there without photosynthesis? On land, life is almost completely dependent on photosynthesis. Plants utilize carbon dioxide and sunlight to produce organic matter. So, if there is no light, there is no food, and thus no life dependent on photosynthesis.

How do plants survive in deep ocean?

While you may not think about it, the deep sea has its own ecosystem with different plants and animals. Light does not fully penetrate to the sea floor, but these plants still undergo photosynthesis. They also produce oxygen. Deep sea plants provide food and shelter for the marine life living at these depths.

Can plants feel pain?

Unlike us and other animals, plants do not have nociceptors, the specific types of receptors that are programmed to respond to pain. They also, of course, don’t have brains, so they lack the machinery necessary to turn those stimuli into an actual experience. This is why plants are incapable of feeling pain.

What plants and animals live in the ocean ecosystem?

The ocean contains a large variety of animal life, including fish, mollusks, dolphins, seals, walruses, whales, crustaceans, bacteria, sea anemones and many others. Most marine animals live in the top two ocean zones, where they have access to plants and other ocean animals to eat.

Why are there so many plants in the ocean?

Ocean plants are rarely talked about, but with 70 percent of the world covered in water, they play a vital role in oxygenating oceans around the world, protecting certain species of aquatic animals from predators and outside elements (including human activities), and helping animals thrive by being their primary food source.

Which is the most important organism in the ocean?

Ocean plant life is arguably the most important organism on the planet. For a start it is the bottom of the food chain for most animals that live in the ocean and provides them with a home. Added to that, ocean plant life produces more than half the world’s oxygen and, with the forests,…

Why are aquatic plants important to the environment?

Why are aquatic plants so important? Underwater plants provide oxygen, food, and shelter. Eel grass, a type of submerged aquatic vegetation, supports the life cycle of many fish and shellfish. The health of submerged aquatic vegetation is an important environmental indicator of overall ocean and estuary health.

What makes up the diversity of life in the ocean?

Biological diversity in the ocean is the variety of life that exists in the ocean. This includes all plants and animals and the ecosystems in which they live and interact with. All organisms, both plants and animal, play an important role in their environment.