Table of Contents
- 1 Which subatomic particle do all isotopes of an element have the same number of?
- 2 What particles that differ in number between isotopes?
- 3 What varies between isotopes of an element?
- 4 Is carbon-13 a radioactive isotope?
- 5 What 3 things do isotopes of the same element have in common?
- 6 How are isotopes similar and different?
- 7 Why do elements have isotopes?
- 8 Is carbon-14 a radioactive isotope?
- 9 What are the three types of subatomic particles?
- 10 What makes up the mass of an atom?
Which subatomic particle do all isotopes of an element have the same number of?
All isotopes of an element have the same number of protons and electrons, which means they exhibit the same chemistry. The isotopes of an element differ only in their atomic mass, which is given by the mass number (A), the sum of the numbers of protons and neutrons.
What particles that differ in number between isotopes?
Isotopes are atoms of the same element that have different numbers of neutrons but the same number of protons and electrons. The difference in the number of neutrons between the various isotopes of an element means that the various isotopes have different masses.
What subatomic particles make isotopes differ from one another?
Atoms of the same element with different numbers of neutrons are called isotopes. So all the isotopes of an atom have the same atomic number but a different mass number.
What varies between isotopes of an element?
Isotopes are atoms with different atomic masses which have the same atomic number. The atoms of different isotopes are atoms of the same chemical element; they differ in the number of neutrons in the nucleus.
Is carbon-13 a radioactive isotope?
By far the most common isotope of carbon is carbon-12 (12C), which contains six neutrons in addition to its six protons. The next heaviest carbon isotope, carbon-13 (13C), has seven neutrons. Unlike 12C and 13C, this isotope is unstable, or radioactive. Over time, a 14C atom will decay into a stable product.
What are 2 examples of isotopes?
For example, carbon-12, carbon-13, and carbon-14 are three isotopes of the element carbon with mass numbers 12, 13, and 14, respectively. The atomic number of carbon is 6, which means that every carbon atom has 6 protons so that the neutron numbers of these isotopes are 6, 7, and 8 respectively.
What 3 things do isotopes of the same element have in common?
(iii) And if it is the same isotope, each nucleus contains the same number of neutrons , where the neutron is a massive, fundamental particle of zero charge. The number of protons and neutrons gives the identity of the isotope. There are three common isotopes of hydrogen: protium,1H;deuterium,2H,andtritium,3H .
How are isotopes similar and different?
all isotopes have the same number of protons and the same number of electrons. Because the electron structure is the same isotopes have the same chemical properties. What is different is the number of neutrons, The different number of neutrons all cause a difference in the atomic weight or mass of the atoms.
Why do isotopes form?
Isotopes can either form spontaneously (naturally) through radioactive decay of a nucleus (i.e., emission of energy in the form of alpha particles, beta particles, neutrons, and photons) or artificially by bombarding a stable nucleus with charged particles via accelerators or neutrons in a nuclear reactor.
Why do elements have isotopes?
Elements have families as well, known as isotopes. Isotopes are members of a family of an element that all have the same number of protons but different numbers of neutrons. The number of protons in a nucleus determines the element’s atomic number on the Periodic Table. Every element has its own number of isotopes.
Is carbon-14 a radioactive isotope?
It is nearly 80 years since the discovery of carbon-14, a radioactive isotope of the sixth element.
Why is carbon 13?
The importance of C13 is all the greater because two of the three radioactive isotopes of carbon decay too rapidly to be suitable tracers, while the remaining one (C14) has so long a life (3,000 years) that its detection by radioactive methods is relatively insensitive.
What are the three types of subatomic particles?
The three types of subatomic particles are neutrons, protons, and electrons. How are atoms of one element similar to and different from atoms of another element? The atoms of one element are similar to the atoms of a different element in that they all contain the subatomic particles protons, neutrons, and electrons.
What makes up the mass of an atom?
The mass is the total number of subatomic particles: protons, electrons, and neutrons. The reason it is often a decimal is that the number on the table is the average for the most common isotopes. Isotopes are atoms of an element with different numbers of neutrons.
How are the atoms of one element similar to another?
The atoms of one element are similar to the atoms of a different element in that they all contain the subatomic particles protons, neutrons, and electrons. The exception is hydrogen-1 which has no neutrons.