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What was the religious origin of Abraham Cresques?

What was the religious origin of Abraham Cresques?

Abraham Cresques (Catalan pronunciation: [əβɾəˈam ˈkɾeskəs], 1325–1387), whose real name was Cresques (son of) Abraham, was a 14th-century Jewish cartographer from Palma, Majorca (then part of the Crown of Aragon).

Who did Abraham Cresques work for?

In 1375, Cresques and his son Jehuda received an assignment from Prince Joan of Aragon, the future Joan I of Aragon, to make a set of nautical charts which would go beyond the normal geographic range of contemporary portolan charts to cover the East and the West, and everything that, from the Strait of Gibraltar leads …

Who owns the Catalan Atlas?

During the 1370s, he produced the Catalan Atlas, the most detailed representation of the known world at that time. The atlas was commissioned by the king of France, Charles V, and still resides in the Bibliotèque national de France.

What famous map was produced in Palma?

The Catalan World Map produced in 1375 was the work of Abraham Cresques from Palma in Majorca. He was a skilled cartographer and instrument maker and the map was commissioned by Charles V of France.

What religion did Abraham Cresque?

The court of Peter IV in Aragon Two important Jewish scientists, Cresques Abraham and his son Jafuda Cresques, produced in 1375 an atlas of the world as it was then known, that is, from Spain to India.

Why is the Catalan Atlas important?

The Catalan Atlas shows the world known to a fourteenth-century European: although focused primarily on the Mediterranean sea, it covers the Canary Isles in the Atlantic and parts of the west coast of Africa, Scandinavia, and Asia.

What type of document is Catalan Atlas?

The Catalan Atlas (Catalan: Atles català, Eastern Catalan: [ˈalːəs kətəˈla]) is a mediaeval world map, or mappamundi, created in 1375 that has been described as the most important map of the Middle Ages in the Catalan language, and as “the zenith of medieval map-work”.

Who was the Catalan Atlas made for?

Abraham Cresques
Catalan Atlas/Authors
Abraham Cresque’s Catalan Atlas, published for Charles V of France in about 1375, renewed European interest in the desert. The atlas contained information based upon the knowledge of Jewish traders active in the Sahara.

What language is the Catalan Atlas?

Catalan Atlas/Original languages

What was wrong with Ptolemy’s map of the world?

Due to Marinus and Ptolemy’s mistaken measure of the circumference of the earth, the former is made to extend much too far in terms of degrees of arc; due to their reliance on Hipparchus, they mistakenly enclose the latter with an eastern and southern shore of unknown lands, which prevents the map from identifying the …

Why was the Catalan atlas created?

The atlas shows how the portolan chart – an accurate map of the Mediterranean sea developed in the twelfth century – could be fused with the medieval world map to create a comprehensive image of the known world, supplemented with drawings and texts giving historical and ethnographic information.

Who was Jehuda Cresques and what did he do?

Jehudà Cresques ( Catalan pronunciation: [ʒəuˈða ˈkɾeskəs], 1360-1410), also known as Jafudà Cresques, Jaume Riba, and Cresques lo Juheu (“Cresques the Jew”), was a converso cartographer in the early 15th century.

Who is Mestre Jacome and who is Jehuda Cresques?

It has long been believed that Jehuda Cresques is the same person as ‘Mestre Jacome’, a Majorcan cartographer induced by the Portuguese prince Henry the Navigator to move to Portugal in the 1420s to train Portuguese map-makers in Majorcan-style cartography. ‘Jacome of Majorca’ was described as the head…

Why was Jehuda Cresques given the name Jacobus Ribus?

Cresques’ work was highly sought after; in 1390 John I of Aragon paid 60 livres and 8 sous for one of his maps. After the Aragonese persecutions of 1391 he was forcibly converted to Christianity, at which time he took the name Jaume Riba, Jacobus Ribus, in Latin.