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What processes found at hot spots will help form the metamorphic rocks?

What processes found at hot spots will help form the metamorphic rocks?

Metamorphic rocks form when heat and pressure transform an existing rock into a new rock. Contact metamorphism occurs when hot magma transforms rock that it contacts. Regional metamorphism transforms large areas of existing rocks under the tremendous heat and pressure created by tectonic forces.

What process found at hotspots will help form igneous rocks?

At many convergent boundaries a subduction zone is formed which drives crust down toward the mantle where the rock is melted and turned to igneous rock.

Why do igneous rocks form at hot spots?

Igneous rocks (from the Greek word for “fire”) form when hot, molten rock (magma) crystallizes and solidifies. Magma originates deep within the Earth, near active plate boundaries or hot spots.

What process found at a divergent boundary will help form the following rocks?

Divergent plate boundaries, caused by the shifting of the Earth’s tectonic plates, create igneous rocks as the plates move. The rocks are formed by cooling magma, and their specific type depends on the minerals available in the area.

What are the 3 main types of metamorphic rocks?

The three types of metamorphism are Contact, Regional, and Dynamic metamorphism. Contact Metamorphism occurs when magma comes in contact with an already existing body of rock. When this happens the existing rocks temperature rises and also becomes infiltrated with fluid from the magma.

What are metamorphic rocks in short?

Metamorphic rocks are rocks that have become changed by intense heat or pressure while forming. In the very hot and pressured conditions deep inside the Earth’s crust, both sedimentary and igneous rocks can be changed into metamorphic rock. They change from being squashy to rock hard.

What is an example of a hot spot volcano?

Hot spots are found in the ocean, and on continents. Often the hot spot creates a chain of volcanoes, as a plate moves across a relatively stationary mantle plume. The best example of a hot spot volcanic chain is the Hawaiian Islands. The submarine volcano, Lo’ihi, lies 18 miles off the southeast coast of Hawai’i.

How hotspots are formed?

Hotspots occur when one of the Earth’s plates moves over an unusually hot part of the Earth’s mantle. These hot areas are usually relatively stationary and result in large amounts of magma rising up, piercing a hole in the plate to form a volcano. As the plates move, a series of volcanoes can form.

In which two places do divergent boundaries occur?

Divergent boundaries are occur in oceans and lower mantle.

What event found at a transform boundary?

The grinding action between the plates at a transform plate boundary results in shallow earthquakes, large lateral displacement of rock, and a broad zone of crustal deformation.

What are the two main classifications of metamorphic rocks?

Metamorphic rocks are broadly classified as foliated or non-foliated. Non-foliated metamorphic rocks do not have aligned mineral crystals.

What are the two types of metamorphic rock?

Metamorphic rocks are divided into two categories- Foliates and Non-foliates. Foliates are composed of large amounts of micas and chlorites. These minerals have very distinct cleavage. Foliated metamorphic rocks will split along cleavage lines that are parallel to the minerals that make up the rock.

Where does the heat from a hot spot come from?

A hot spot is fed by a region deep within the Earth’s mantle from which heat rises through the process of convection. This heat facilitate s the melting of rock at the base of the lithosphere, where the brittle, upper portion of the mantle meets the Earth’s crust.

What causes a volcano to form in a hot spot?

Heat from this extra hot magma causes melting and thinning of the rocky crust, which leads to widespread volcanic activity on Earth’s surface above the plume. While most volcanoes form along tectonic plate boundaries, mantle plumes and hot spots lead to their development as well. Hot spot volcanoes occur far from plate boundaries.

What makes a hot spot in the Earth’s crust unique?

The melted rock, known as magma, often pushes through cracks in the crust to form volcano es. Hot spot volcanism is unique because it does not occur at the boundaries of Earth’s tectonic plate s, where all other volcanism occurs. Instead it occurs at abnormal ly hot centers known as mantle plume s.

Where does a hot spot in the mantle originate?

Instead it occurs at abnormal ly hot centers known as mantle plume s. Scientific models depict these plumes of molten rock almost like a lava lamp, with a rising bulbous head fed by a long, narrow tail that originate s in the mantle.