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What is the universal precautions rule?

What is the universal precautions rule?

OSHA states, “According to the concept of Universal Precautions, all human blood and certain human body fluids are treated as if known to be infectious for HIV, HBV, and other bloodborne pathogens.” Universal precautions include vigorously washing hands before and after exposure to blood and other body fluids.

Which statement is an example of universal precautions?

Universal precautions include: Washing hands and other skin surfaces that are contaminated with blood or body fluids immediately after a procedure or examination. Changing gloves between patients and never reusing gloves.

What are the 4 universal precautions?

Standard Precautions

  • Hand hygiene.
  • Use of personal protective equipment (e.g., gloves, masks, eyewear).
  • Respiratory hygiene / cough etiquette.
  • Sharps safety (engineering and work practice controls).
  • Safe injection practices (i.e., aseptic technique for parenteral medications).
  • Sterile instruments and devices.

When were universal precautions introduced?

Universal precautions were introduced by the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) in 1985, mostly in response to the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) epidemic.

What are the 10 standard precautions?

Hand hygiene1.

  • Gloves. ■ Wear when touching blood, body fluids, secretions, excretions, mucous membranes, nonintact skin.
  • Facial protection (eyes, nose, and mouth) ■
  • Gown. ■
  • Prevention of needle stick and injuries from other.
  • Respiratory hygiene and cough etiquette.
  • Environmental cleaning. ■
  • Linens.
  • What is the best way to prevent the spread of infection?

    Good hygiene: the primary way to prevent infections

    1. Wash your hands well.
    2. Cover a cough.
    3. Wash and bandage all cuts.
    4. Do not pick at healing wounds or blemishes, or squeeze pimples.
    5. Don’t share dishes, glasses, or eating utensils.
    6. Avoid direct contact with napkins, tissues, handkerchiefs, or similar items used by others.

    What are 5 universal precautions?

    5 Steps of Universal Precautions

    • Education.
    • Hand washing.
    • Use of protective barriers (Personal Protective Equipment (PPE))
    • Cleaning of contaminated surfaces.
    • Safe handling/disposal of contaminated material.

    What PPE is used for standard precautions?

    Standard precautions consist of the following practices: hand hygiene before and after all patient contact. the use of personal protective equipment, which may include gloves, impermeable gowns, plastic aprons, masks, face shields and eye protection.

    What are the 3 universal safety precautions?

    Universal Precautions

    • Use barrier protection at all times.
    • Use gloves for protection when working with or around blood and body fluids.
    • Change glove between patients.
    • Use glasses, goggles, masks, shields, and waterproof gowns/aprons to protect face from splashes.
    • Wash hands if contaminated and after removing gloves.

    What are the 9 standard precautions?

    They include:

    • hand hygiene and cough etiquette.
    • the use of personal protective equipment (PPE)
    • the safe use and disposal of sharps.
    • routine environmental cleaning.
    • incorporation of safe practices for handling blood, body fluids and secretions as well as excretions [91].

    What are the 10 principles of infection prevention?

    The 10 Standard Infection Control Precautions (SICP)

    • Patient assessment for infection risk.
    • Hand hygiene.
    • Respiratory and cough hygiene.
    • Personal protective equipment (PPE)
    • Safe management of equipment.
    • Safe management of environment.
    • Safe management of blood and body fluids.
    • Safe management of linen.

    What is the #1 way to prevent disease?

    Good hygiene: the primary way to prevent infections The first line of defense is to keep germs at bay by following good personal hygiene habits. Prevent infection before it begins and avoid spreading it to others with these easy measures. Wash your hands well.

    Which is the best definition of universal precautions?

    The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) defines Universal Precautions as an approach to infection control to treat all human blood and body fluids as if they contain bloodborne pathogens.

    What are the standard precautions for patient care?

    Standard Precautions are also intended to protect patients by ensuring that healthcare personnel do not carry infectious agents to patients on their hands or via equipment used during patient care.

    How are universal precautions used to prevent bloodborne diseases?

    A person’s skin is penetrated by an infectious source, such as an insect bite. Follow standard precautions to help prevent the spread of bloodborne pathogens and other diseases whenever there is a risk of exposure to blood or other body fluids. These precautions require that all blood and other body fluids be treated as if they are infectious.

    Who is Susan Olender and what are universal precautions?

    Susan Olender, MD, is an assistant professor of medicine at Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons in New York City. The term “universal precautions” refers to certain steps that medical professionals and others take for infection-control.