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What is the lower layer of the rainforest?

What is the lower layer of the rainforest?

There are 3 levels in the tropical rainforest. The canopy is the top layer that covers most of the forest. The middle level is called the understory, and the bottom level is called the forest floor. Each layer is home to many different animals.

What is the moisture of tropical rainforest?

77% to 88%
The environment is pretty wet in tropical rainforests, maintaining a high humidity of 77% to 88% year-round. The yearly rainfall ranges from 80 to 400 inches (200 to 1000 cm), and it can rain hard.

Where are moist forests found?

Moist deciduous forests are found throughout India except in the western and the north-western regions. The trees have broad trunks, are tall and have branching trunks and roots to hold them firmly to the ground. Some of the taller trees shed their leaves in the dry season.

What is a wet forest called?

Rainforests are characterized by a closed and continuous tree canopy, moisture-dependent vegetation, the presence of epiphytes and lianas and the absence of wildfire. Rainforest can be classified as tropical rainforest or temperate rainforest, but other types have been described.

What are the 3 layers of rainforest?

Most rainforests are structured in four layers: emergent, canopy, understory, and forest floor. Each layer has unique characteristics based on differing levels of water, sunlight, and air circulation.

What are the main characteristics of tropical rainforest?

Characteristics of tropical rainforests

  • Very wet with over 2,000 mm of rainfall per year.
  • Very warm with an average daily temperature of 28°C. The temperature never drops below 20°C and rarely exceeds 35°C.
  • The atmosphere is hot and humid .
  • The climate is consistent all year round. There are no seasons.

Is soil wet or dry in a rainforest?

SOIL COMPOSITION Over two-thirds of the world’s rainforests, and three-fourths of the Amazonian rainforest can be considered “wet-deserts” in that they grow on red and yellow clay-like laterite soils which are acidic and low in nutrients.

What is a dry rainforest?

This type of rainforest usually occurs on fertile eutrophic rock soils, in warm, sheltered areas with rainfall about 600-1100 mm/year with a marked dry spell. ‘Dry rainforest’ includes monsoon forest and dry scrubs or vine thickets that grow in regions with a pronounced seasonal climate – distinct wet and dry seasons.

What are the 5 types of forest?

There are broadly five categories of forests in India. They are named as Tropical evergreen forests, Tropical deciduous forests, Tropical thorn forests, Montane forests, and Swamp forests.

Where are the tropical moist rainforests found in the world?

The greatest expanses of equatorial rainforest are found in lowland Amazonia, the Congo Basin, the Southeast Asian islands of Indonesia, and Papua New Guinea. Tropical moist forests are found at a greater distance from the equator where rainfall and day length vary seasonally.

What kind of forest is the Amazon rainforest?

Map of the Amazon rainforest ecoregions as delineated by the WWF in white and the Amazon drainage basin in blue. /  3°S 60°W  / -3; -60 The Amazon rainforest, alternatively, the Amazon jungle or Amazonia, is a moist broadleaf tropical rainforest in the Amazon biome that covers most of the Amazon basin of South America.

Which is the next layer in the rainforest?

The next layer down in the rainforest is a deep layer of vegetation that is super thick and dense. The canopy of a rainforest is about 20 feet (6m) thick and is so prolific that it blocks out the sunlight, as well as much of the wind and rain.

What makes up the shrub layer of a forest?

Shrub layer: The shrub layer is characterized by woody vegetation that grows relatively close to the ground. Bushes and brambles grow where enough light passes through the canopy to support shrub growth. Understory layer: The understory of a forest consists of immature trees and small trees that are shorter than the main canopy level of the tree.