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What is so special about Timbuktu?
Timbuktu is best known for its famous Djinguereber Mosque and prestigious Sankore University, both of which were established in the early 1300s under the reign of the Mali Empire, most famous ruler, Mansa Musa. Timbuktu’s greatest contribution to Islam and world civilization was its scholarship.
Why is the city of Timbuktu remembered?
It was a city famous for the education of important scholars whose reputations were pan-Islamic. Timbuktu’s most famous and long lasting contribution to Islamic–and world–civilization is its scholarship and the books that were written and copied there beginning from at least the 14th century.
Why was the city of Timbuktu an important learning center?
Timbuktu’s rich history of learning had to do with its situation as a commercial hub from the 12th century. It was at the cross-roads of trans-Saharan trade routes and became famous for its supply of gold. The city attracted Muslim scholars and scribes from different Islamic beliefs and different geographical regions.
What are three interesting facts about Timbuktu?
Fun Facts About Timbuktu for Kids
- Timbuktu started as a summer encampment for nomadic tribes of the region.
- During World War II Timbuktu was used to house prisoners of war.
- Today Timbuktu is very, very poor.
- Both droughts and floods consistently threaten the city.
Why is Timbuktu poor today?
The town is the capital of the Tombouctou Region, one of the eight administrative regions of Mali. Different tribes governed until the French took over in 1893, a situation that lasted until it became part of the current Republic of Mali in 1960. Presently, Timbuktu is impoverished and suffers from desertification.
Why is Timbuktu so important?
Timbuktu was the starting point for trans-Saharan camel caravans which transported goods northwards. Timbuktu was one of the most important cities in the Mali Empire because of its location near the Niger River bend and so it was fed by the trade along both the east and west branches of this great water highway.
Where is Timbuktu and why is it important?
Timbuktu, French Tombouctou, city in the western African country of Mali, historically important as a trading post on the trans-Saharan caravan route and as a centre of Islamic culture (c. 1400–1600). It is located on the southern edge of the Sahara, about 8 miles (13 km) north of the Niger River.
What is Timbuktu like now?
Timbuktu is now an administrative centre of Mali. In the late 1990s, restoration efforts were undertaken to preserve the city’s three great mosques, which were threatened by sand encroachment and by general decay.
What is the meaning of Timbuktu?
Timbuktu. / (ˌtɪmbʌkˈtuː) / noun. a town in central Mali, on the River Niger: terminus of a trans-Saharan caravan route; a great Muslim centre (14th–16th centuries).
Why was Timbuktu a great city in western Africa?
Answered by. CelluloidPIK. Timbuktu was considered a very important place due to its geographic position in West Africa as a major economic city during the 15th and 16th centuries. It was also considered a vitally important city for the spread of Islam in Africa, due to the efforts of the University of Sankore .
What is a true fact about the city of Timbuktu?
But Timbuktu is in fact a real city in the west African country of Mali . The ancient city of Timbuktu had known a lot of conquest and occupation in the past but people of Timbuktu are tolerant and pacifist and practice a tolerant Islam and live with tolerance toward other religions.
Why is Timbuktu so famous?
Situated on the edge of the Sahara Desert , Timbuktu was famous among the merchants of the Mediterranean basin as a market for obtaining the goods and products of Africa south of the desert. However, Timbuktu’s most famous and long-lasting contribution to Islamic and world civilization is the scholarship practiced there.
Why was Timbuktu important to ancient Mali?
Timbuktu, French Tombouctou, city in the western African country of Mali, historically important as a trading post on the trans-Saharan caravan route and as a centre of Islamic culture ( c. 1400-1600). It is located on the southern edge of the Sahara, about 8 miles (13 km) north of the Niger River.