# What is required for an electric current to flow through a wire?

## What is required for an electric current to flow through a wire?

In order for a current to flow, the circuit must be closed; in other words, there must be an uninterrupted path from the power source, through the circuit, then back to the power source. Voltage is sometimes called electric potential and is measured in volts.

## What particles produce electric current?

Electrons
Moving Electrons The important particle here is the electron, since it has the unique characteristic of being able to separate from its atom and move to an adjacent atom. This flow of electrons is what creates electrical current—the jump of negatively-charged electrons from atom to atom.

What causes electric current?

Electricity is created when an outside force causes electrons to move from atom to atom. The flow of electrons is called an “electrical current.” Voltage is the “outside force” that causes electrons to move. Voltage is potential energy.

How current is produce?

When a voltage is applied to a conductor or semiconductor, electric current starts flowing. In conductors, positively charged protons are held in a fixed position and the negatively charged electrons move from one place to another place by carrying the charge. Thus, electrons conduct electric current in conductors.

### Will there be current if voltage is absent?

What flows is not the voltage but the charge, and that flow is called current. There can be voltage without a current; for instance if you have a single charge, that charge induces a voltage in space, even if it’s empty.

### What happens if there is no current?

When there is no current in the wire, their is no magnetic induction. The electromagnet then is simply a coil with no magnetic field associated with it. The moment we allow a current to flow through, there is a magnetic induction and thus we get an electromagnet.

What is needed for a complete circuit?

Every electric circuit, regardless of where it is or how large or small it is, has four basic parts: an energy source (AC or DC), a conductor (wire), an electrical load (device), and at least one controller (switch). Visualize what happens when you switch on a room light.

What is needed for the electrical current to flow?

There are many complex explanations for current flow in electronics. The answer below describes the basic requirements without including great detail. For a more academic discussion, you are advised to look at relevant sections of text books on electrical and electronic engineering. In order for electrical current to flow, there must be two things:

#### What do you need to know about electricity?

To produce an electric current, three things are needed: a supply of electric charges (electrons) which are free to flow, some form of push to move the charges through the circuit and a pathway to carry the charges. The pathway to carry the charges is usually a copper wire. The flow of electricity can be likened to a flow of water through a pipe.

#### What makes a circuit produce an electric current?

To produce an electric current, three things are needed: a supply of electric charges (electrons) which are free to flow, some form of push to move the charges through the circuit and a pathway to carry the charges. The pathway to carry the charges is usually a copper wire.

What do you need to know about electric shock?

The following, table 1, is adapted from a table that appears on the Georgia State University website, among other sites. See references 1 and 2. Voltage required to produce the current with assumed body resistance Threshold of feeling, tingling sensation. Beginning of sustained muscular contraction (“Can’t let go” current.)