Table of Contents
- 1 What does nitric acid contain?
- 2 What 3 elements are in nitric acid?
- 3 Does nitric acid react with carbon?
- 4 Can nitric acid dissolve gold?
- 5 How nitric acid is formed?
- 6 What is the common name of nitric acid?
- 7 What is the common use of nitric acid?
- 8 What can be used to neutralize nitric acid?
- 9 Where does nitric acid come from in the air?
- 10 How long does nitric acid stay in the atmosphere?
What does nitric acid contain?
Nitric acid is a nitrogen oxoacid of formula HNO3 in which the nitrogen atom is bonded to a hydroxy group and by equivalent bonds to the remaining two oxygen atoms. It has a role as a protic solvent and a reagent. It is a conjugate acid of a nitrate.
What 3 elements are in nitric acid?
It is a strong oxidizing agent, a substance that readily accepts electrons from another substance. Its chemical formula is HNO3, so it has one hydrogen (H) atom, one nitrogen (N) atom, and three oxygen (O) atoms. All three oxygen (O) atoms are bonded to the nitrogen (N) atom.
Does nitric acid react with carbon?
Diluted nitric acid has no reaction on non-metal and since the carbon is non-metal there is no action of dilute nitric acid on it. Hence we can say that the nitric acid oxidized carbon to carbon dioxide.
What is the compound of nitric acid?
Nitric acid/IUPAC ID
Will nitric acid eat through plastic?
Plastic Chemical Storage A material that is likely to react with the chemical it holds, like a metal container, or break easily when dropped, like a glass container, isn’t going to be suitable for a substance like nitric acid, for example. For example, the plastic polypropylene can be used to store corrosive chemicals.
Can nitric acid dissolve gold?
Aqua regia is a mixture of nitric and hydrochloric acids. It takes its name from its ability to dissolve gold, which is sometimes referred to as the royal metal. As seen in the first equation, a gold alloy of 14 K or lower will dissolve when nitric acid is added.
How nitric acid is formed?
The nitrogen dioxide is absorbed in water to form nitric acid. The resulting acid-in-water solution (about 50–70 percent by weight acid) can be dehydrated by distillation with sulfuric acid. Nitric acid decomposes into water, nitrogen dioxide, and oxygen, forming a brownish yellow solution.
What is the common name of nitric acid?
Nitric acid (HNO3), also known as aqua fortis (Latin for “strong water”) and spirit of niter, is a highly corrosive mineral acid. The pure compound is colorless, but older samples tend to acquire a yellow cast due to decomposition into oxides of nitrogen and water.
What is the action of nitric acid on tin?
Nitric acid is a very strong acid and is also known as aqua fortis. When metallic tin reacts with concentrated nitric acid it forms metastannic acid, nitrogen oxide gas and water. When metallic tin reacts with very dilute nitric acid it forms ammonium nitrate, water and tin nitrate.
Does graphite react with nitric acid?
Gas-phase intercalation of graphite by nitric acid is accompanied by evolution of a brown gas which has been identified as nitrogen dioxide by chemiluminescence measurements. The reaction is inhibited by the presence of oxygen or water vapor, but not by nitrogen.
What is the common use of nitric acid?
Nitric acid is used for the production of ammonium nitrate, a major component of fertilizers. It is also used for producing explosives like nitroglycerin and trinitrotoluene (TNT) and for oxidizing metals.
What can be used to neutralize nitric acid?
For this example, nitric acid (HNO3) is neutralized with sodium hydroxide (NaOH), producing nitrate compounds in the form of sodium nitrate (NaNO3).
Where does nitric acid come from in the air?
Most people are exposed outdoors to very minute amounts of nitric acid derived from exhaust fumes or the burning of some organic compounds that contain nitrogen. It is also present in small quantities in rain from areas where nitric oxide (a product of combustion) reacts with ozone and water to form nitric acid.
What happens when you mix nitric acid with carbon dioxide?
If you get it hot enough, i.e. vapour phase oxidation, you end up with carbon dioxide and a mix of nitrogen oxides, however if you mean liquid nitric acid and carbon at room temperature, probably not much.
What’s the difference between nitrous acid and nitric acid?
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Not to be confused with nitrous acid. Nitric acid (H NO 3), also known as aqua fortis (Latin for “strong water”) and spirit of niter, is a highly corrosive mineral acid. The pure compound is colorless, but older samples tend to acquire a yellow cast due to decomposition into oxides of nitrogen and water.
How long does nitric acid stay in the atmosphere?
Nitric acid exists in the atmosphere in the gas phase. The atmospheric removal processes for gaseous nitric acid are by wet and dry deposition. The estimated half-life and lifetime for dry deposition of nitric acid is 1.5 to 2 days and 2 to 3 days, respectively, and efficient rain out during episodic precipitation events.