Table of Contents
What does encephalomalacia lead to?
Encephalomalacia is a very serious brain disorder that can cause permanent tissue damage, such as brain scarring or loss of tissues. Encephalomalacia can cause brain damage that impairs functioning and health, as well as lead to certain diseases and disorders.
What is the life expectancy of encephalomalacia?
Five children, three boys and two girls (mean age 57 days, range 8–142 days) who developed cystic encephalomalacia after inflicted traumatic brain injury were included. Survival ranged from 27 to 993 days. In all cases judicial autopsy was performed.
How do you treat encephalomalacia?
There is no direct treatment or cure for encephalamalacia. However, doctors may attempt to treat the underlying cause of the condition, which cannot be reversed. In some cases, surgery may be performed to remove the part of the brain affected by the softening.
Is encephalomalacia a terminal?
An individual suffering from encephalomalacia will experience a number of symptoms, all of which involve a loss of function. These symptoms can include somnolence (extreme drowsiness), blindness, ataxia (wobbliness and lack of coordination), sleep walking, head pressing, circling, and, eventually, terminal coma.
Is Encephalomalacia a disability?
Encephalomalacia after head trauma is a serious condition with lifelong consequences and residual disability or even death from a terminal coma.
Can Encephalomalacia cause stroke?
Encephalomalacia can be caused by stroke or by severe brain swelling that interrupts cerebral blood flow. Signs and symptoms include severe headaches, dizziness, vertigo, memory loss and mood swings (if the frontal lobe of the brain is affected), diminished coordination, visual impairment, amongst others.
How quickly does encephalomalacia progress?
The US appearance of the brain may be normal within the first 2 weeks after the inciting event. After 10 to 14 days, the echogenicity of affected areas of deep white matter increases.
Can encephalomalacia improve?
It is difficult to treat encephalomalacia. It is not possible to cure, as destroyed brain tissue cannot be regenerated. Treatment consists of detecting the underlying cause and treating it. Severely damaged brain tissue may be removed by surgery.
Can encephalomalacia cause stroke?
What are the stages of encephalomalacia?
Cerebral softening, also known as encephalomalacia, is a localized softening of the substance of the brain, due to bleeding or inflammation. Three varieties, distinguished by their color and representing different stages of the disease progress, are known respectively as red, yellow, and white softening.
How does encephalomalacia affect white matter in the brain?
Essential functions like speech, muscle control, memory, and sensory perception can be affected. A type of encephalomalacia that primarily affects the white matter of the brain. White mater is primarily responsible for ensuring communication between the various parts of the brain and with grey brain tissue.
What are the different types of encephalomalacia?
Encephalomalacia Types. According to the part of the brain that is affected, the condition can be divided into the following two types: Leukoencephalomalacia (Encephalomalacia affecting the white matter) Polioencephalomalacia (Encephalomalacia affecting the gray matter)
When do you know if you have encephalomalacia?
Extreme cases of encephalomalacia can potentially lead to terminal coma, depending on the area of the brain’s softening. Encephalomalacia will often be diagnosed after a particular brain injury has occurred, such as a stroke or injury. Several image tests will be ordered to help verify your presence.
How are CT scans used to diagnose encephalomalacia?
Imaging technologies such as MRI and CT scans are used to provide a picture of the brain. The MRI shows which parts of the brain are affected, while the CT scan is used to establish the extent of the damage to brain tissue.