# What are the requirements of vector grouping of transformers?

## What are the requirements of vector grouping of transformers?

Procedure of Vector Group Test of Transformer Connect neutral point of star connected winding with earth. Join 1U of HV and 2W of LV together. Apply 415 V, three phase supply to HV terminals. Measure voltages between terminals 2U-1N, 2V-1N, 2W-1N, that means voltages between each LV terminal and HV neutral.

How do you select a vector group for a transformer?

Points to be consider while Selecting of Vector Group:

1. Removing harmonics: Dy connection – y winding nullifies 3rd harmonics, preventing it to be reflected on delta side.
2. Parallel operations: All the transformers should have same vector group & polarity of the winding.

What is the meaning of vector group DYn11 in transformer?

Dyn11 is vector group notation of tansformer.It means LV winding,which is star connected (written in small letters means LV side and vice versa)is 30 degrees lagging by HV winding which is delta connected.In India we go for +-30 deg connection of transformer.

### How many types of vector groups are there in transformers?

Vector group are the group representation of three vectors(magnitude and phase) for, three phase of the transformer connections(delta or star) of primary and secondary, of three phase transformers.

What is the purpose of vector group?

The vector group indicates the phase difference between the primary and secondary sides, introduced due to that particular configuration of transformer windings connection. The Determination of vector group of transformers is very important before connecting two or more transformers in parallel.

What is meant by vector group?

In electrical engineering, a vector group, officially called a connection symbol, is the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) method of categorizing the high voltage (HV) windings and low voltage (LV) winding configurations of three-phase transformers.

## What is vector group in electrical?

What is the use of vector group?

Why Dyn11 is used in transformer?

Normally , Dyn11 vector group using at distribution system. Because Generating Transformer are YNd1 for neutralizing the load angle between 11 and 1. Thus, the yn side of the transformer is a ‘separately derived system’ in which all earth fault current must flow through the neutral of this transformer.

### What does Yd11 mean?

The vector group designation indicates the windings configurations and the difference in phase angle between them. For example, a star HV winding and delta LV winding with a 30-degree lead is denoted as Yd11.

Why do we test vector groups?

Vector group testing is done to ensure the parallel operation of three phase transformer connected in the power system. There are various ways of connecting three phase transformers with phase shift of 00 ,±300 and 1800 .

What is the difference between Dyn5 and Dyn11?

A Dyn11 transformer, if abc terminals are connected to rst phases, will shift the output from “12 o clock” to “11 o clock” ie 30 degrees back. A Dyn5 if connected the same way will advance the output to “5 o clock” ie 150 degrees forward. The difference in output between the Dyn11 and Dny5 and is therefore 180 degrees.

## Why do we need vector group test of Transformers?

Vector Group Test of Transformer. The vector group of transformer is an essential property for successful parallel operation of transformers. Hence every electrical power transformer must undergo through vector group test of transformer at factory site for ensuring the customer specified vector group of transformer.

What is the significance of three Phase Transformer Vector grouping?

Significance of three phase transformer vector group: The star or delta winding of the three phase transformer can be connected in six difference type of connection. To perform transformer’s parallel operation without seeing the winding connection, the manufacturer mentions the transformer’s vector grouping to avoid accidental faults.

How are coils connected in a vector group transformer?

The coil voltages can be in phase or displaced as above with the coils connected in star or delta and, in the case of a star winding, have the star point (neutral) brought out to an external terminal or not. An ac voltage applied to a coil will induce a voltage in a second coil where the two are linked by a magnetic path.

### What does the 11 mean on a Transformer Vector?

The 11 indicates that the low line voltage lag, high line voltage by 11 Χ 30° = 330° (considered one hour for 30 deg.) measured from higher voltage phasor in a clockwise direction. The below-mentioned diagram can be used for better understanding about transformer vector grouping and its usage.