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How does selective breeding benefit plants?

How does selective breeding benefit plants?

In the case of food plants, selective breeding increases the yield and the quality of the harvest. For example, selective breeding of corn increased the size of the kernels and the number of ears. For non-food plants such as tobacco or cotton, selective breeding increased the yields and introduced varieties.

How do farmers use selective breeding?

Farmers selectively breed different types of cows with highly desirable characteristics in order to produce the best meat and dairy. This means the farmers can make the most profit. Characteristics can be chosen for usefulness or appearance. The new varieties may be economically important.

Why was selective breeding of plants created?

The unnatural selection of plants with favourable traits to produce more disease-resistant plants with better quality and higher yield. Selective breeding can remedy world hunger. Selective breeding combats the increasing issues of food security, urbanization, population growth and shortages of energy and water.

Why selective breeding is important?

Since the time man first domesticated animals, selective breeding has been used to develop better or more useful strains (or breeds) of the animals from the genetic diversity that naturally exists in the population of a single species. …

Why do farmers carry out selective breeding?

Why do farmers use selective breeding in crops?

By selectively breeding animals (breeding those with desirable traits), farmers increased the size and productivity of their livestock. Plants could also be selectively bred for certain qualities.

How is selective breeding used today?

Selective Breeding. Breeders of animals and plants in today’s world are looking to produce organisms that will possess desirable characteristics, such as high crop yields, resistance to disease, high growth rate and many other phenotypical characteristics.