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How did Maori use the land?

How did Maori use the land?

Māori have strong spiritual bonds with the land – Papatūānuku (the Earth mother). They regard land, soil and water as taonga (treasures). Māori see themselves as the kaitiaki (guardians) of this taonga, which provides a source of unity and identity for tangata whenua (local people).

What land means to Maori?

In the Māori world view, land gives birth to all things, including humankind, and provides the physical and spiritual basis for life. Papatūānuku, the land, is a powerful mother earth figure who gives many blessings to her children.

Why is the environment important to Maori?

For Māori, self-identity and group identity are intimately connected to the environment and the experiences our ancestors cultivated through the land. Much like other indigenous knowledge systems, mātauranga Māori draws from and reinforces the holistic connection that Māori have to the land and sea.

How did loss of land affect Maori?

Economic importance of land The loss of land meant the loss of a key economic resource for Māori. The 19th century became a period of massive transfer of land from Māori ownership to government and Pākehā ownership. This had a severe impact on Māori tribal structures, and on tribal economies.

Is Moana a Māori?

Although Moana is from the fictional island Motunui some 3,000 years ago, the story and culture of Moana is based on the very real heritage and history of Polynesian islands such as Hawaii, Samoa, Tonga, and Tahiti. In fact, once you start looking for ties to Polynesian culture in Moana, it’s hard to stop!

How much land do Māori own now?

There are about 1.47 million hectares of Māori freehold land, which makes up roughly five percent of all land in Aotearoa.

How do you claim land in Māori?

If a person dies with no descendants, then the following people are entitled to their Māori land:

  1. any brothers or sisters of the deceased.
  2. the parent of the deceased (from whom they received their Māori land) if they have no brothers or sisters, or those brothers and sisters have no descendants.

How do you know if it is Māori land?

Indications of Māori land ownership may include a Māori Land Court status order, historical Māori Land Court vesting orders, Māori block name or possibly a succession of owners with Māori names.

What does matauranga Maori?

The term mātauranga Māori literally means Māori knowledge and is closely aligned to the period of pre-European contact as it encompasses traditional concepts of knowledge and knowing that Māori ancestors brought with them to Aotearoa/New Zealand.

How did the Māori impact the environment?

As Māori grew crops, they changed the landscape by altering soils and wetlands, and by reducing forest areas.

How much land do Māori own today?

Maori land has been estimated at about 5.6 per cent of New Zealand’s total land area of 26.9 million hectares (Table 1).

How much Maori land has been stolen?

Altogether 1.3 million hectares of Māori land was confiscated, including most of the lower Waikato, Taranaki and the Bay of Plenty.

How did the Maori get their land in New Zealand?

During and after the wars large areas of Māori land in the North Island were confiscated by the government. The New Zealand Settlements Act 1863 allowed the Crown to confiscate the land of any iwi who were ‘engaged in rebellion’ against the government. Before Pākehā arrival, Māori had a collective responsibility for the whenua.

What was the name of the first Maori person?

Tane Mahuta fashioned the first human, Hine-ahu-one, from the clay of his mother; and so developed the spiritual home of M…ori, the home of their gods and of creation. The M…ori name for indigenous peoples is Tangata Whenua — the peoples of the land.

Why do the Maori believe in Environmental Protection?

One of the key reasons that Maori hold environmental protectionism in such high esteem is that their religion sees gods in natural phenomena. The Maori creation myth personifies the various forces and functions of nature, resulting in a phenomenal world that can trace its origins immediately back to the divine.

Why is the Tuhono whenua important to Maori?

Building a connection to our whenua lets us be a part of something bigger than ourselves. Acting as a kaitiaki for the whenua can help us bring our whānau closer together, both physically and spiritually. It reminds us of the importance of whakapapa, and the connections between our tīpuna and future generations.