Table of Contents
How did cataracts in the Nile river?
The Nubian Swell has diverted the river’s course to the west, while keeping its depth shallow and causing the formation of the cataracts. Even as the river bed is worn down by erosion, the landmass is lifted, keeping parts of the river bed exposed.
What does the cataracts in the Nile make it difficult to do?
Cataracts changed the directional flow of the water. Cataracts’ shallow depth and rushing water made the river impassable. The Nile River has six cataracts.
What does the word cataract mean in ancient Egypt?
In fact, “cataract” means both an opacity of the lens and a torrent of water and is derived from the Greek word kataráktēs meaning the fall of water. A wall painting in an ancient tomb at Thebes (about 1200 B.C.) seems to reveal the treatment of an eye by an oculist.
What was significant about the cataracts on the banks of the Nile?
Cataracts occur where outcrops of granite, as well as other resistant rocks, reach the banks of the Nile River. They not only constrict the flow of the river (limiting agriculture since the flood plain is almost nonexistent) but also impede navigation.
What does delta mean in Egypt?
River in Egypt. Deltas are wetlands that form as rivers empty their water and sediment into another body of water. The upper delta, influenced by the Nile’s flow, is the most inland portion of the landform. The wide, low-lying lower delta is more influenced by the waves and tides of the Mediterranean.
What is the difference between a cataract and a waterfall?
A waterfall is an area where water flows over a vertical drop or a series of steep drops in the course of a stream or river. Waterfalls also occur where meltwater drops over the edge of a tabular iceberg or ice shelf. A cataract is a cloudy area in the lens of the eye that leads to a decrease in vision.
Why did the cataracts help and hurt Egypt?
Nile’s cataracts helped and hurt Egypt by flooding every year and bringing down boulders and trees. The Egyptians were protected from invaders due to their geographical features. Furthermore, the cataracts in the Nile to the south protected the Egyptians from lands below them. The cataracts were river rapids.
Why are deltas called deltas?
The term delta comes from the upper-case Greek letter delta (Δ), which is shaped like a triangle. Deltas with this triangular or fan shape are called arcuate (arc-like) deltas. The Nile River forms an arcuate delta as it empties into the Mediterranean Sea.
How many branches does the Nile delta have?
In the 1st century ce the Greek geographer Strabo recorded the Nile as fanning out into seven delta distributaries. The flow has since been controlled and redirected, so that the river now flows across the delta to the sea through two main distributaries, the Rosetta and the Damietta (Dumyāṭ) branches.
Why did Egypt stop using hieroglyphics?
The rise of Christianity was responsible for the extinction of Egyptian scripts, outlawing their use in order to eradicate any link with Egypt’s pagan past. They assumed that hieroglyphs were nothing more than primitive picture writing…
What are the six cataracts of the Nile River?
The six first cataracts of the River Nile were the main obstacles for boats sailing on the Nile in antiquity. Counted upstream (from north to south), the First Cataract is in modern Egypt; the rest are in Sudan. The word cataract comes from the Greek word kataraktes meaning “waterfall”.
How many cataracts are located along the Nile River?
There are 6 total cataracts found along the Nile River.
What caused the cataracts in Nile?
All of them are distributed along the so-called Great Bend, a section of the Nile where the river veers sharply off-course before turning back towards the Mediterranean . The Great Bend and the cataracts are caused by tectonic uplift, which pushes the Nile off-course along the Nubian Swell , an area of Africa that is extremely geological active.
What do the cataracts along the Nile River represent?
The Egyptians were protected from invaders due to their geographical features. Furthermore, the cataracts in the Nile to the south protected the Egyptians from lands below them . The cataracts were river rapids. This shows that lands south of Egypt would have to travel by water to reach the civilization.