Table of Contents
- 1 Who were the two factions fighting during the ratification process?
- 2 Who was opposed to ratification?
- 3 What is the ratification process?
- 4 What were the leading opponents of ratification?
- 5 Who were the main leaders of the anti-federalists?
- 6 What were the 5 issues involved in the ratification debate?
Who were the two factions fighting during the ratification process?
The debate over ratification from 1787 to 1789 was extremely bitter and divided Americans into two factions, the Federalists who supported the new Constitution and the Antifederalists who did not. Federalists and Antifederalists disagreed on a number of issues, as indicated by the table on the next page.
Who was opposed to ratification?
The Anti-Federalists opposed the ratification of the 1787 U.S. Constitution because they feared that the new national government would be too powerful and thus threaten individual liberties, given the absence of a bill of rights.
How did the two sides compromise over the ratification of the Constitution?
Also known as the Connecticut Compromise, a major compromise at the Constitutional Convention that created a two-house legislature, with the Senate having equal representation for all states and the House of Representatives having representation proportional to state populations.
Which two groups debated the ratification of the new Constitution what were both sides advocating for?
Those who supported the Constitution and a stronger national republic were known as Federalists. Those who opposed the ratification of the Constitution in favor of small localized government were known as Anti-Federalists.
What is the ratification process?
Congress must pass a proposed amendment by a two-thirds majority vote in both the Senate and the House of Representatives and send it to the states for ratification by a vote of the state legislatures. This process has been used for ratification of every amendment to the Constitution thus far.
What were the leading opponents of ratification?
Opponents of ratification were called Anti-Federalists. Anti-Federalists feared the power of the national government and believed state legislatures, with which they had more contact, could better protect their freedoms.
Why was ratification opposed by some states?
Ratification was opposed by some states because: The constitution contained no bill of rights.
Who was the most famous anti-federalist?
The Anti-federalists were lead mainly by Patrick Henry, James Winthrop, Melancton Smith, and George Mason. Patrick Henry was the foremost leader of the Anti-federalists.
Who were the main leaders of the anti-federalists?
What were the 5 issues involved in the ratification debate?
The ratification debate involved the following five issues: centralization of power, the powers granted to the executive branch, the Bill of Rights, the issue of slavery and whether the formation of the constitution was legal.
What were the last two states to ratify?
New Hampshire became the ninth state to accept the Constitution on June 21, 1788, which officially ended government under the Articles of Confederation. It was not until May 29, 1790, that the last state, Rhode Island, finally ratified the Constitution.
Where is the ratification process?
The traditional constitutional amendment process is described in Article V of the Constitution. Congress must pass a proposed amendment by a two-thirds majority vote in both the Senate and the House of Representatives and send it to the states for ratification by a vote of the state legislatures.