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Where does ochratoxin come from?

Where does ochratoxin come from?

Ochratoxin A is produced by several species of Aspergillus and Penicillium and is a common food-contaminating mycotoxin. Contamination of food commodities, such as cereals and cereal products, coffee beans, dry vine fruits, wine and grape juice, spices and liquorice, occurs worldwide.

What is the difference between mycotoxins and Mycotoxicosis?

Mycotoxicoses are the animal diseases caused by mycotoxins; mycotoxicology is the study of mycotoxins (84). While all mycotoxins are of fungal origin, not all toxic compounds produced by fungi are called mycotoxins. Mycotoxins are made by fungi and are toxic to vertebrates and other animal groups in low concentrations.

Where does zearalenone come from?

Zearalenone is a mycotoxin produced by several strains of fusarium, a fungus that contaminates a variety of grains including corn, wheat, barley, rice, and oats. Zearalenone causes reproductive disorders of farm animals, infertility, abortion, and other breeding problems, especially in swine.

How do mycotoxins affect the human body?

The adverse effects of mycotoxins on human health can be both acute and chronic, provoking problems such as liver cancer, reduction of immunity, alterations in the protein metabolism, gangrene, convulsions, and respiratory problems, among others.

How do you remove aflatoxin from your body?

The most common way to remove AFB1 using physical methods is to heat and use gamma rays. Aflatoxins are highly thermostable. Studies have shown that AFB1 levels are significantly reduced by heating at 100 and 150°C for 90 minutes, respectively, at 41.9 and 81.2%.

What is mycotoxin poisoning?

Mycotoxicosis is the term used for poisoning associated with exposures to mycotoxins. Mycotoxins have the potential for both acute and chronic health effects via ingestion, skin contact, inhalation, and entering the blood stream and lymphatic system.

What are symptoms of mycotoxins?

Some “common” symptoms include:

  • Cognitive difficulties (e.g. brain fog, poor memory/concentration, anxiety)
  • Pain (especially abdominal pain, but can include muscle pain similar to fibromyalgia)
  • Unexplained weight gain or weight loss.
  • Numbness and tingling in extremities or other areas of the body.

How do I get rid of mycotoxins?

Killing Mycotoxins

  1. Sodium Hypochlorite has been found to kill trichothecene and other mycotoxins.
  2. Extreme heat (fire at 500°F for half-hour) can destroy trichothecene mycotoxins.
  3. Ozone can kill most mycotoxins, but the level needed is not safe for humans.

Is zearalenone harmful to humans?

Zearalenone, a major Fusarium mycotoxin, exerts systemic adverse effects on most mammalian species. Considering that ZEA is toxic and ubiquitous, it only poses potential danger to domestic mammals when absorbed in high doses or through prolonged exposure (Diekman and Green, 1992; Obremski et al., 2003).

What is aflatoxin poisoning?

Aflatoxins are poisonous substances made by a mold called Aspergillus flavus. If aflatoxin levels build up enough in your pet’s body, they can cause illness (aflatoxicosis), liver damage, problems with blood clotting, and sometimes even death. The toxins may be there even if you can’t see any mold on the pet food.

How do I clear mycotoxins from my body?

While glutathione decreases with age, a healthy diet, lifestyle, and supplemental therapy can help slow the body’s decline. Intravenous (IV) glutathione therapy can enhance mycotoxin detoxification in your body, resulting in reducing your toxic burden and relieving mold toxicity symptoms.

What happens if you eat aflatoxins?

Large doses of aflatoxins lead to acute poisoning (aflatoxicosis) that can be life threatening, usually through damage to the liver. Outbreaks of acute liver failure (jaundice, lethargy, nausea, death), identified as aflatoxicosis, have been observed in human populations since the 1960s.

Where does the word mycotoxin come from and why?

The word mycotoxin comes from combining the Greek words for fungus and poison. Mold is a fungus, as are mushrooms and yeast. With over 1.5 million fungal species in the world, we are surrounded by fungus.

What kind of health problems can mycotoxins cause?

Mycotoxins are some of the most common toxins in our environment that may lead to serious health problems, including mycotoxin allergy, immune system issues, inflammation, and cancer. Mycotoxins may grow on your food and in your home under warm and damp conditions.

How big are mycotoxins and what makes mold toxic?

If you were to look up the definition of mycotoxins you would learn that mycotoxins are the toxic chemical substances that certain types of molds produce. These fungal toxins are volatile organic compounds amongst other things. Mycotoxins are as small as 0.1 microns.

How are Fusarium and mycotoxins harmful to the body?

It may have toxic and harmful effects on your immune system, liver, kidneys, and spleen. It may lead to nausea, vomiting, and gastrointestinal issues (1). Fusarium is a fungus found in soil and produce and may lead to the formation of mold toxins. It may lead to suppression of the immune system, intestinal issues, and esophageal cancer (1).