Menu Close

What percentage of slaves were in Athens?

What percentage of slaves were in Athens?

Exactly how many slaves lived in Athens, which scholars estimate to have been anywhere from fifteen to thirty-five percent of the population, and how many Athenians owned slaves, is impossible to know due to the scarcity of evidence.

How many slaves were in Athens?

Athens alone was home to an estimated 60,000–80,000 slaves during the fifth and fourth centuries BC, with each household having an average of three or four enslaved people attached to it.

Were there slaves in ancient Athens?

Slaves were the lowest class in Athenian society, but according to many contemporary accounts they were far less harshly treated than in most other Greek cities. Lowest of all slaves were those who worked in the nearby Laurium silver mines – where most quickly perished.

How much of the Athenian population were citizens?

20 percent
Not everyone in Athens was considered a citizen. Only free, adult men enjoyed the rights and responsibility of citizenship. Only about 20 percent of the population of Athens were citizens.

What were slaves called in Sparta?

The helots
The helots were the slaves of the Spartans. Distributed in family groups across the landholdings of Spartan citizens in Laconia and Messenia, helots performed the labour that was the bedrock on which Spartiate leisure and wealth rested.

How were slaves in Athens treated?

Slaves in Athens often worked with free citizens, although they were not paid. They could also live outside their master’s home. It seems that most slaves in Athens worked in their master’s households and were treated fairly. Most female slaves in Athens did things like bake bread, cook, and weave.

What were slaves called in Greece?

In Homer, Hesiod and Theognis of Megara, the slave was called δμώς (dmōs). The term has a general meaning but refers particularly to war prisoners taken as booty (in other words, property).

Where did Greek slaves come from?

The Athenian slaves belonged to two groups. They were either born into slave families or were enslaved after they were captured in wars. Q: How did people become slaves in ancient Greece? People became slaves in ancient Greece after they were captured in wars.

Which class in Greece was made of slaves?

Most homes in ancient Greece had slaves to take on these menial tasks. The middle class was made up of people that may not have been born in Athens but were working hard at their trade. They were considered free but weren’t given the same rights permitted to the upper class.

Who has the largest population Athens or Sparta?

At its peak around 500 BCE, Sparta had some 20,000–35,000 citizens, plus numerous helots and perioikoi. The likely total of 40,000–50,000 made Sparta one of the larger Greek city-states; however, according to Thucydides, the population of Athens in 431 BCE was 360,000–610,000, making it much larger.

Who was Plato’s most famous student?

He is widely considered a pivotal figure in the history of Ancient Greek and Western philosophy, along with his teacher, Socrates, and his most famous student, Aristotle.

Who did Sparta enslave?

the helots
A nation of slaves whose only purpose was to serve their masters? They were the helots, the subjugated and conquered people, the slaves of Sparta. Nobody knows exactly what the term “Helot” actually means. Some say it came from the village called Helos that was conquered by the angry Spartans.