Table of Contents
What part of the Endomembrane system does poison detoxification?
The smooth endoplasmic reticulum
The smooth endoplasmic reticulum (smooth ER) is continuous with the rough ER but has few or no ribosomes on its cytoplasmic surface. Functions of the smooth ER include: Synthesis of carbohydrates, lipids, and steroid hormones. Detoxification of medications and poisons.
How Ser detoxify poisons in a cell?
The detoxification process is performed by the help of the smooth endoplasmic reticulum in liver cells. Liver cells are composed of enzymes that catalyse a number of reactions and can make lipid-soluble drugs and metabolic wastes which are soluble in water, so that these can easily be passed out from the body.
What organelle is responsible for drug detoxification?
Smooth endoplasmic reticulum
What organelle is responsible for this detoxification? Explanation: Smooth endoplasmic reticulum is primarily responsible for the production of lipids and for the detoxification of drugs and toxins from the body.
How does the smooth endoplasmic reticulum detoxify?
One of the most important functions of Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum (SER) is to detoxify the body from metabolic wastes and drugs. It contains enzymes that catalyze a number of reactions that can make lipid-soluble drugs and metabolic wastes water-soluble, so that they can be easily expelled from the body.
What destroys harmful substances or worn?
A lysosome is a membrane-bound cell organelle that contains digestive enzymes. Lysosomes are involved with various cell processes. They break down excess or worn-out cell parts. They may be used to destroy invading viruses and bacteria.
What is poison detoxification?
Detoxification or detoxication (detox for short) is the physiological or medicinal removal of toxic substances from a living organism, including the human body, which is mainly carried out by the liver.
Which structure is involved in detoxification?
Explanation: Smooth endoplasmic reticulum(ER) is responsible for the detoxification of a number of organic chemicals. The smooth ER converts organic substances into water and other soluble products to allow for excretion.
Is responsible for detoxification of drugs?
Introduction. The liver is the largest organ in the human body and plays important roles in homeostasis, including metabolism, glycogen storage, drug detoxification, production of various serum proteins, and bile secretion.
What is involved in detoxification of drugs?
The liver is the primary site of drug metabolism, and it plays a key role in drug detoxification and the elimination of substances from the body.
How do the RER and SER work together?
The rough and the smooth endoplasmic reticulum work together to make protein products for use both inside the cell and outside the cell. The rough ER is the source of protein synthesis because it has ribosomes embedded in its surface. After proteins are made in the rough ER, they are sent to the smooth ER.
Does smooth ER produce protein?
sER is a membrane-bound network of tubules (see Figs. 1-1 and 1-3) without surface ribosomes. sER is not involved in protein synthesis. Its main function is the synthesis of lipids, steroids, and carbohydrates, as well as the metabolism of exogenous substances, such as drugs or toxins.