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What is the factor affecting reaction rate of acid rain erodes marble faster?

What is the factor affecting reaction rate of acid rain erodes marble faster?

The Effect of Temperature on the Rate of Reaction Rate of Reaction is much faster if the surface area is larger because much more of the reactant is exposed so particles will be able to collide with it.

What is the chemical reaction for acid rain and marble?

Sulfation – Calcium carbonate, the major component of marble, easily reacts with sulfuric acid (transported by acid rains), producing calcium sulfate according to the reaction: CaCO3 + H2SO4 → CaSO4 + CO2 + H2O CaSO4 is thousandfold more soluble in water than CaCO3, so it is easily washed out by the rain.

What is the effect of acid rain on iron and marble?

Answer: When Sulphurous, Sulphuric , and nitric acids in polluted air and rain react with calcite in marble and limestone , the calcite dissolves . In exposed areas of buildings and statues , we see roughed surfaces , removal of materials , and loss of carved details.

What factors affect acid rain?

Power plants release the majority of sulfur dioxide and much of the nitrogen oxides when they burn fossil fuels, such as coal, to produce electricity. In addition, the exhaust from cars, trucks, and buses releases nitrogen oxides and sulfur dioxide into the air. These pollutants cause acid rain.

What are the 5 factors that affect the rate of reaction?

Five factors typically affecting the rates of chemical reactions will be explored in this section: the chemical nature of the reacting substances, the state of subdivision (one large lump versus many small particles) of the reactants, the temperature of the reactants, the concentration of the reactants, and the …

What is the chemical formula of acid rain?

Sulfuric acid ( H2SO4 ), nitric acid ( HNO3 ), and carbonic acid ( H2CO3 ) are the major components of acid rain.

Is co responsible for acid rain?

Carbon monoxide does not react with water to form an acid. So, it would not contribute to acid rain. Carbon dioxide reacts with water to form carbonic acid thus contributing to acid rain.

What are some of the environmental impacts of acid rain?

The ecological effects of acid rain are most clearly seen in aquatic environments, such as streams, lakes, and marshes where it can be harmful to fish and other wildlife. As it flows through the soil, acidic rain water can leach aluminum from soil clay particles and then flow into streams and lakes.

Is acid rain still a problem in 2020?

The quick version: Yes, acid rain is still around, and yes it’s still a problem. Rain is naturally slightly acidic, since picks up carbon dioxide in the air, producing carbonic acid. But when it starts absorbing industrial pollutants like sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxide, the acidity becomes troublesome.

What are 3 effects of acid rain?

Acid rain has been shown to have adverse impacts on forests, freshwaters, and soils, killing insect and aquatic life-forms, causing paint to peel, corrosion of steel structures such as bridges, and weathering of stone buildings and statues as well as having impacts on human health.

What 4 factors affect the rate of a reaction?

The factors that affect reaction rates are:

  • surface area of a solid reactant.
  • concentration or pressure of a reactant.
  • temperature.
  • nature of the reactants.
  • presence/absence of a catalyst.

How does acid rain affect marble and limestone?

Acid precipitation affects stone primarily in two ways: dissolution and alteration. When sulfurous, sulfuric, and nitric acids in polluted air react with the calcite in marble and limestone, the calcite dissolves. In exposed areas of buildings and statues, we see roughened surfaces, removal of material, and loss of carved details.

What causes the reaction between marble and hydrochloric acid?

Multiple factors can impact on the rate of the reaction between the acidic factors and the marble particles. These are stated below; The temperature of the climate around the statue. The different concentrations of diluted water mixed with hydrochloric acid. The mass of the marble chips in each test tube. To ensure it is a fair test.

How does the degradation of marble affect the environment?

In normal conditions, marble degradation goes on slowly, it may take centuries. Human activities bring about emission of stronger acids in the atmosphere, that react with marble artifacts giving rise to faster degradation phenomena. Of course the rate of degradation depends on the concentration of such acid pollutants in the air.

Why do marble chips erode in the rain?

Marble chips erode when they are exposed to acid rain or pollution. Erosion is evident when you look at older marble buildings as in certain cases the erosion take a long time. It is more likely to occur in areas, where there is more pollution. This is because there are a greater number of industries in city than in the countryside.