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What are the main structures of the urinary system quizlet?

What are the main structures of the urinary system quizlet?

The urinary system consists of the kidneys, ureters, bladder, and the urethra. Each kidney consists of millions of functional units called nephrons. The ureters are a pair of tubes that carry urine from the kidneys to the urinary bladder.

What are the four major structures of the urinary system quizlet?

What are the four major structures of the urinary system? Kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra.

What is the most important structure of the urinary system?

Kidneys are the most complex and critical part of the urinary system. Ureter: Urine passes from the renal tube through tubes called ureters and into the bladder.

What are the 4 functions of the urinary system?

The purpose of the urinary system is to eliminate waste from the body, regulate blood volume and blood pressure, control levels of electrolytes and metabolites, and regulate blood pH.

What are the main functions of the urinary system 3.4 1?

What are the main functions of the Urinary System? Remove urine from the body and other nitrogenous wastes. Beginning with the kidney, trace the organs through which urine travels. Nervous system- Tells you when you’re thirsty.

What is the main function of the urinary bladder quizlet?

To reabsorb the water lost during filtration. To prevent constant urination and dehydratation.

What organ is part of the urinary system quizlet?

Organs of the urinary system are the kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra.

What structures form the trigone of the urinary bladder?

The trigone (a.k.a. vesical trigone) is a smooth triangular region of the internal urinary bladder formed by the two ureteric orifices and the internal urethral orifice.

What are the 3 major components of the urinary system?

What are the parts of the urinary system?

  • Kidneys: These organs work constantly.
  • Ureters: These two thin tubes inside your pelvis carry urine from your kidneys to your bladder.
  • Bladder: Your bladder holds urine until you’re ready to empty it (pee).
  • Urethra: This tube carries urine from your bladder out of your body.

What are the 7 functions of the kidney?

The 7 functions of the kidneys

  • A – controlling ACID-base balance.
  • W – controlling WATER balance.
  • E – maintaining ELECTROLYTE balance.
  • T – removing TOXINS and waste products from the body.
  • B – controlling BLOOD PRESSURE.
  • E – producing the hormone ERYTHROPOIETIN.
  • D – activating vitamin D.

How is urine made?

The nephrons of the kidneys process blood and create urine through a process of filtration, reabsorption, and secretion. Urine is about 95% water and 5% waste products. Nitrogenous wastes excreted in urine include urea, creatinine, ammonia, and uric acid.

What is the first step in the urinary system?

Glomerular filtration is the first step in urine formation and constitutes the basic physiologic function of the kidneys. It describes the process of blood filtration in the kidney, in which fluid, ions, glucose, and waste products are removed from the glomerular capillaries.

What are the four major structures of the urinary system?

Urinary System. Definition. The urinary system consists of organs, muscles, tubes, and nerves that are responsible for producing, transporting, and storing urine. The major structures of the urinary system include the kidneys, the ureters, the bladder, and the urethra.

What structure in the urinary system is most important?

The two kidneys are bean-shaped organs that located on both sides of the backbones, and they are the most important organs of the urinary system. The function of the two kidneys is the filtration of the blood from some wastes such as urea, uric acid, excess salts and other waste materials and they get rid of these wastes in the form of urine.

What is the structure and function of the urinary system?

The location, structure and functions of the Urinary System. The urinary system consists of two kidneys, a urinary bladder, two ureters and a single urethra. It is responsible for regulating blood pressure and volume, maintaining PH levels, excreting waste and foreign matter and producing hormones.

What is the basic structural functional unit of urinary system?

The urinary system refers to the structures that produce and transport urine to the point of excretion. In the human urinary system there are two kidneys that are located between the dorsal body wall and parietal peritoneum on both the left and right sides. The formation of urine begins within the functional unit of the kidney, the nephrons .